Health

High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms, Causes, Dignosis, Best Prevent in 2024.

The arteries in the body are impacted by the prevalent disease of high blood pressure. Additionally known as hypertension. The blood’s constant pressure on the artery walls is too high if you have high blood pressure. To pump blood, the heart has to work harder.

Millimetres of mercury, or mm Hg, are used to measure blood pressure. A blood pressure value of 130/80 mm Hg or greater is generally regarded as hypertension.

The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology classify blood pressure into four broad categories. Normal blood pressure is considered to be ideal.)

  • Normal blood pressure. Blood pressure in 120/80 mm Hg or lower.
  • Elevated blood pressure. The top number ranges from 120 to 129 mm Hg and the bottom number is below, not above, 70 mm Hg.
  • Stage 1 hypertension. The top number ranges from 130 to 139 mm Hg or the bottom number is between 80 and 95 mm Hg.
  • Stage 2 hypertension. The top number is 140 mm Hg or higher or the bottom number is 95 mm Hg or higher.

A hypertensive emergency or crisis is defined to have a blood pressure reading of more than 180/120 mm Hg. High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms, Causes, Dignosis, Prevent If you or someone you know has these blood pressure readings, get emergency medical treatment.

High blood pressure raises the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other major health issues if left untreated. Starting at age 18, it’s critical to have your blood pressure monitored at least every two years. Some people require more regular examinations.

High blood pressure may be prevented and treated with healthy lifestyle choices including quitting smoking, exercising, and eating healthily. High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms, Some individuals require medication to lower their blood pressure.

The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology classify blood pressure into four broad categories. Normal blood pressure is considered to be ideal.)

high bp se kya hoga

High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms :-

Even when blood pressure measurements are at dangerously high levels, the majority of persons with high blood pressure show no symptoms. Years may go by while you have high blood pressure with no signs or symptoms.

Headaches: Severely high blood pressure may be indicated by strong, persistent, and intense headaches, especially in the morning.

Shortness of Breath: If the heart needs to work harder owing to high blood pressure, it may cause difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.

Nosebleeds: Although there are several causes of nosebleeds, hypertension may occasionally be one of them.

Visual Modifications: Hypertension can occasionally cause visual modifications, such as blurred vision or the perception of spots.

Chest Pain: Serious hypertension can put a strain on the heart’s muscles, resulting in discomfort or pain in the chest.

High blood pressure/hypertension Diagnosis :-

Your doctor will examine you, inquire about your medical history, and look for any signs of high blood pressure. Using a stethoscope, your healthcare provider listens to your heart.

Typically wrapped around your arm, a cuff is used to measure your blood pressure.High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms Fitting the cuff is crucial. Blood pressure measurements might differ whether it is too high or too low. Using a tiny hand pump or a machine, the cuff is inflated.

Blood pressure measurement

In a blood pressure reading, the top number—known as systolic pressure—measures the pressure in the arteries during a pulse and the bottom number—known as diastolic pressure—measures the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats. An inflatable cuff is often wrapped around the arm to take blood pressure. The cuff is inflated using a machine or a tiny hand pump. In this picture, a device measures blood pressure. An automatic blood pressure reading is what this is.

Your blood pressure should be examined for the first time in both arms to look for differences. After that, you should utilise the arm with the higher reading.

Millimetres of mercury, or mm Hg, are used to measure blood pressure. Two numbers make up a reading of blood pressure.

Systolic pressure, the top number. The first value, which is higher, represents the pressure created by the heartbeat in the arteries.

Diastolic pressure is the bottom number. The pressure in the arteries between heartbeats is measured by the second, or lower, number.

If the blood pressure value is 130/80 millimetres of mercury (mm Hg) or above, high blood pressure (hypertension), is considered to be present. Typically, a diagnosis of high blood pressure is made by averaging two or more measurements collected at various times.

High blood pressure/hypertension Tests :-

If your physician determines that you have high blood pressure, they could suggest testing to look for a cause.

Ambulatory monitoring :-To assess blood pressure at regular intervals over six or twenty-four hours, a prolonged blood pressure monitoring test may be used. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is what is meant by this. However, not all medical facilities have access to the test’s equipment. High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms Find out from your insurance whether ambulatory blood pressure monitoring is a service that is covered.

Lab tests:- For disorders that may contribute to or exacerbate high blood pressure, blood and urine tests are performed. For instance, tests are performed to examine your blood sugar and cholesterol levels. Lab tests to examine the function of your thyroid, liver, and kidneys may also be performed.

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG):-The electrical activity of the heart is measured during this short and painless procedure. It can detect if the heart is beating quickly or slowly. Sensors called electrodes are affixed to the chest, and occasionally the arms or legs, during an electrocardiogram (ECG). The sensors are linked by wires to a device that prints or displays the results.

Echocardiogram. This noninvasive exam uses sound waves to create detailed images of the beating heart. It shows how blood moves through the heart and heart valves.

Ghar pr blood pressure(BP) kese check kare :-

You could be required to routinely monitor your blood pressure at home by your doctor. Monitoring your blood pressure at home is an excellent idea. High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms It aids in letting your medical team know whether your medication is having an effect or whether your condition is growing worse.

(आपको अपने डॉक्टर द्वारा घर पर नियमित रूप से अपने रक्तचाप की निगरानी करने की आवश्यकता हो सकती है। घर पर अपने रक्तचाप की निगरानी करना एक उत्कृष्ट विचार है। यह आपकी मेडिकल टीम को यह बताने में सहायता करता है कि क्या आपकी दवा का असर हो रहा है या आपकी स्थिति बदतर होती जा रही है।)

Local drugstores and shops sell home blood pressure monitors.The American Heart Association advises using a monitor with an upper arm cuff when one is available for the most accurate blood pressure reading.The American Heart Association does not advise using devices that take your blood pressure at your wrist or finger since the readings may be less accurate.

(स्थानीय दवा की दुकानें और दुकानें घरेलू रक्तचाप मॉनिटर बेचती हैं। अमेरिकन हार्ट एसोसिएशन सबसे सटीक रक्तचाप रीडिंग के लिए उपलब्ध होने पर ऊपरी बांह के कफ वाले मॉनिटर का उपयोग करने की सलाह देता है। अमेरिकन हार्ट एसोसिएशन उन उपकरणों का उपयोग करने की सलाह नहीं देता है जो आपके रक्तचाप को मापते हैं आपकी कलाई या उंगली, क्योंकि रीडिंग कम सटीक हो सकती है।)

High blood pressure Treatment :-

Adapting your way of life can help you manage and control high blood pressure. Your doctor could advise you to adopt new lifestyle practises like:

Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Diet: Consuming a heart-healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products will help decrease blood pressure. High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms This diet should also be low in sodium (salt).
  • Exercise: Regular physical exercise, such as running, swimming, cycling, or brisk walking, can help decrease blood pressure. Aim for 150 minutes or more per week of moderate-intensity exercise.
  • Blood pressure control: Keeping a healthy weight or decreasing extra weight helps lower blood pressure.
  • Reducing Alcohol Consumption: Keeping alcohol intake within modest bounds (one drink per day for women, two for males) will help control blood pressure.
  • Quitting Smoking: Quitting smoking is crucial since it increases the risk of heart disease and elevates blood pressure.

Medications:

  • Diuretics: the body help eliminate excess sodium and water, reducing fluid volume and lowering blood pressure.
  • ACE Inhibitors (Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors): The medications relax blood vessels, allowing blood to flow more easily.
  • ARBs (Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker): Similar to ACE inhibitors, ARBs also relax blood vessels and lower blood pressure(BP).
  • Beta-Blockers: These reduce(low) heart rate and the force of the heart’s contractions, High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms thus lowering blood pressure.
  • Calcium Channel Blockers: These medications relax blood vessels & reduce the workload of the heart.
  • Alpha-Blockers and Central Agonists: The medications affect nerve signals that influence blood vessel constriction and heart rate.

Treating resistant hypertension :-

You use a diuretic in addition to at least three other blood pressure medications. However, your blood pressure is obstinately high.
You now manage your high blood pressure with four different medications. High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms A potential secondary reason of the high blood pressure should be ruled out by your healthcare professional.
Even if you have resistant hypertension, your blood pressure might still drop. A more successful treatment strategy can be developed if you and your healthcare practitioner can identify the reason.

Treating resistant hypertension may involve many steps, including:

  • To determine the optimal dosage and mix of blood pressure medications, switch between them.
  • reviewing all of your prescription and over-the-counter medications.
  • Taking your blood pressure at home to determine whether going to the doctor causes high blood pressure. We refer to this as white coat hypertension.
  • good eating, maintaining a healthy weight, and implementing other suggested lifestyle modifications.

High blood pressure during pregnancy :-If you have high blood pressure and are expecting a child, talk to your healthcare professionals about ways to manage your blood pressure.

Potential future treatments :- Researchers are investigating the use of heat to kill certain kidney nerves that may contribute to resistant hypertension. High blood pressure/hypertension Symptoms Renal denervation is the name of the technique. Early research indicated certain advantages. However, more conclusive research revealed that it has no appreciable impact in lowering blood pressure in those with resistant hypertension. More investigation is being done to see if this treatment may be used to treat hypertension.

Instant bp(blood pressure) ko kam kaise kare?

Mix fresh black pepper powder and lemon juice in a half glass of water, and consume it every 30 minutes to quickly lower blood pressure. This medication will gradually lower blood pressure. The piperine in black pepper aids in blood pressure regulation.(आधा गिलास पानी में ताजा काली मिर्च पाउडर और नींबू का रस मिलाएं और हर 30 मिनट में इसका सेवन करने से रक्तचाप जल्दी कम हो जाता है। यह दवा धीरे-धीरे रक्तचाप को कम कर देगी। काली मिर्च में मौजूद पिपेरिन रक्तचाप को नियंत्रित करने में सहायता करता है।)

Jyada Bp(Blood pressure) hone se Kya Hoga?

This makes heart attacks, panic attacks, and strokes more common. Some people who do not comprehend its indications end up suffering from these issues. Heart disorders are more likely to affect those with high blood pressure issues than healthy individuals.(इससे दिल का दौरा, पैनिक अटैक और स्ट्रोक अधिक आम हो जाते हैं। कुछ लोग जो इसके संकेतों को नहीं समझते हैं वे इन समस्याओं से पीड़ित हो जाते हैं। स्वस्थ व्यक्तियों की तुलना में हृदय संबंधी विकार उच्च रक्तचाप वाले लोगों को प्रभावित करने की अधिक संभावना रखते हैं।)

High bp(blood pressure) ke lakshan kya hai?

1.nausea or vertigo
2.nausea or vomiting, feeling heavy and exhausted, darkening of the eyes, and chilly hands and feet
3.When the situation worsens, the face gets white.
4.breathlessness and losing control of your fury
1.मतली या चक्कर आना
मतली या उल्टी, भारीपन और थकान महसूस होना, आंखों के सामने अंधेरा छा जाना और हाथ-पैर ठंडे होना
3.स्थिति बिगड़ने पर चेहरा सफेद पड़ जाता है।
4.सांस फूलना और अपने गुस्से पर नियंत्रण खोना
छवि जोड़ें

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